The amount of refugees world-wide is higher than at any time since World War II. And the numbers are increasing. In the beginning of 2018 there have been 68.5 million refugees. Out of these, 25.4 million are international refugees. About 40 million are internally displaced persons and 3.1 million are asylum-seekers. The majority (52%) are children. Although the amount of refugees in Europe is rising, 85% of all refugees world-wide still live in developing countries. 2/3 of all international refugees come from just five countries:
Syria (6.3 million)
Afghanistan (2.6 million)
South Sudan (2.4 million)
Myanmar (1.2 million)
Somalia (1.1 million)
Especially three countries have been a matter of concern in the last year. Bangladesh is one oft he poorest countries in the world. Still, 655,000 rohingya from Myanmar fled to Bangladesh. By now, more than one million rohingya are living in Bangladesh. They are often stateless. Many are persecuted, discriminated against and become victims of human rights violations in Myanmar. Increasing conflict and migration have created the most densely populated refugee camp in the world. The living conditions are catastrophic and especially during monsoon because of heavy rainfalls precarious.
The amount of internally displaced people has doubled in Congo from 2.2 to 4.4 million people. Many have fled to the neighoring countries of Rwanda, Burundi or Tansania. Still, Congo itself is a destination country of thousands of refugees from other neighboring countries. Only very few Congolese come to Europe because of a lack of financial resources. Congo has been suffering from war crimes, systematic rape and lacking public infrastucture for decades.
Venezuela is suffering from one of its worst economic crisis in history. The low oil price has caused wide-spread poverty and inflation to rise dramatically. Violence and repressive actions by the Maduro regime have made 1.5 million people leave their country in 2017. They move predominantly to other South American countries such as Brasil, Columbia, Peru, Costa Rica and Mexico. Nevertheless, also Spain and the USA have registered a certain influx of refugees. The refugee situation in neighboring countries has put pressure on public infrastructure especially in hard-to-reach areas in the rainforest.
More conflict and population growth in developing countries
will lead to increasing numbers of refugees in the future.